Baseball at the Summer Olympics
Baseball on Summer Olympics unofficially debuted on 1904 Summer Olympics and became an official Olympic sport on 1992 Summer Olympics. The event was last played in 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, with South Korea taking the gold; The sport was dropped from the Summer Olympics program, but will be revived as part of the program for Summer Olympics 2020 in Tokyo.
Olympic baseball is controlled by World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC).
Although little was registered, Olympic baseball first appeared 1904 St. Louis Games. Eight years later, in 1912, in Stockholm, at United States the team played against the host Sweden, wins 13–3. Baseball was also played on 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, the American team beat the French team 5-0 in a four-inning show game. IN 1936, in Berlin, two American teams played each other before about 90,000–100,000 spectators Reichsportsfeld. Tea 1952 Helsinki the event was a modified form of the sport, Finnish baseball, played by two Finnish layer. Australia played a one-off show against the United States in 1956 Melbourne and Japan did the same in 1964 in Tokyo. With a crowd of almost 114,000 spectators, this game played on Melbourne cricket ground held the record for the most visited exhibition baseball game ever at the 2008 US Games Los Angeles.
After a twenty-year hiatus, Olympic baseball came (marked an exhibition sport / event by the IOC), but with tournament formatting (1984 Los Angeles). On 1988 Seoul Games, it was called a demonstration sport. Japan defeated the United States in the preliminary tournament final in 1984. In 1988, the United States won over Japan.
Baseball was only open to male amateurs in 1992 and 1996. As a result, Americans and other nations where professional baseball was developed relied on collegiate players, while Cubans used their most experienced veterans, who were technically considered amateurs when they nominally had other jobs. . , but actually trained full time. In 2000, the pros were hired, but MLB refused to release their players in 2000, 2004 and 2008, and the situation changed only slightly: the Cubans still used their best players, while the Americans began to use smaller leagues. The IOC cited the absence of the best players as the main reason why baseball was dropped from the Olympic program.
At the IOC meeting on July 7, 2005, baseball and soft ball was voted out of 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Great Britain, and became the first sport to be voted out of the Olympics since polo was eliminated from 1936 Olympics. The elimination removed 16 teams and more than 300 athletes from the Olympics in 2012. The two tracks available by IOCelimination was then filled off golf and rugby sevens in 2016. This decision was confirmed on February 9, 2006.
In the stands during the 2008 bronze medal match between the USA and Japan, IOC chief Jacques Rogge was interviewed by MLB.com’s Mark Newman and quoted various criteria for baseball to earn back in: “Participating in the Olympic program is a question where you need to universality as much as possible.You must have a sport with the following, you must have the best players, and you must be in full compliance with WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) .And these are the qualifications that must be met.When you have everything “You must win hearts. You can win the mind, but you must still win hearts.”
In August 2011, Olympic news source Around the rings reported that ISF and IBAF would not rush an Olympic proposal, and that IBAF was working to form an interim commission to analyze the prospects for a joint proposal. “In the past, baseball and softball ran alone, and the result was that baseball and softball stayed out,” said IBAF President Riccardo Fraccari, referring to their decades-long pressure for Olympic inclusion.
Under a new IOC policy that changes games to an “event-based” program instead of a sports-based one, the host organization committee can now also propose that sports be added to the program alongside the permanent “core” events. Another bid for baseball softball to be included as an event in 2020 was listed by the Tokyo Organizing Committee on June 22, 2015. August 3, 2016, during the 129th IOC session in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the IOC approved the Tokyo Organizing Committee’s final favorite list of five sports, which included baseball, to be included in the program during the 2020 Summer Olympics.
The host nation was always guaranteed a place in the Olympic baseball tournament. The other seven places were generally determined by continental qualifiers. For 2008 games, America got two places, Europe got one place, and Asia got one place.
The last three places were given to the top three nations in an eight-team tournament held after the continental tournaments. The qualification for this tournament was determined by these continental tournaments. Third and fourth place American teams, second and third place European teams, second and third place Asian teams, first place African teams and first place Oceania teams competed in that tournament.
This qualifying tournament was new for 2008. It was created after heavy criticism of the previous qualifying standard. In the previous Olympics, only two teams from America could qualify for the Olympics, despite the fact that the vast majority of the best baseball-playing nations in the world came from this region. Europe, whose baseball nations were significantly weaker, also joined two teams.
Olympic baseball was almost identical to most professional baseball. Bats were not allowed after Atlanta in 1996. There was also one rule of mercy which was called if a team won by 10 or more races after 7 rounds (or 6.5 rounds if the home team led). For Sydney 2000, the roster was expanded to 24 players.
The tournament consisted of an initial round where each team played all the other 7 teams. Only the four best teams advanced to the medal round. In that round, the semifinals were played between the teams 1st / 4th place and the teams 2nd / 3rd place. Semi-final losers then played a bronze medal match, where the winner earns the medal and the loser gets 4th place. The semi-final winners played in the final, which awarded the winner one gold medal and the loser a silver medal.
During the 2008 games, a unique rule came into force during entering games extra laps. If the game was still a draw after the completion of the tenth inning base, runners were automatically placed on the first and second bases without outs. The IBAF created this rule to encourage late scoring in the game to determine a winner and to address criticism from the IOC that a baseball match length was unpredictable.
The following 17 nations have participated in the baseball competition. The numbers in the table refer to the final ranking of each team in each tournament.
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Rogge has initially conspired against the sport to have them removed
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